Whenever we talk about diabetes, the idea of ​​type 1 or type 2 comes to our mind. But there are more types of diabetes than this. Know what is type 4 diabetes? Its symptoms, causes, types, treatment, and how can it be prevented?

What is Type 4 Diabetes?

  • Type 4 is recommended for use in older people (not known to be obese or overweight) for diabetes caused by insulin resistance.
  • Type 4 diabetes is not an autoimmune condition.
  • But this type 4 type of diabetes is linked to the aging process.
  • For example, type 1 and type 2 diabetes are associated with obesity or being overweight.
  • Type 4 diabetes patient does not have the problem of obesity or overweight, but the age is more. 
  • Although research about type 4 diabetes is still ongoing, some connections have been discovered by scientists.

What are the symptoms of Type 4 diabetes?

The most common types of symptoms are –

  • Tiredness
  • Feeling thirsty
  • Wounds that take time to heal
  • Excessive hunger
  • Frequent urination
  • Weight loss without reason
  • Blurred vision

(Click to know more about how to prevent diabetes?)

What are the causes of type 4 diabetes?

  • Scientists have recently started researching it.
  • Studies are still underway to determine the cause of type 4 diabetes.
  • A 2015 study on rats found several links to type 4 diabetes that affects the immune system.
  • The researchers believed that this link is rooted in the aging process.
  • However, more human research is still needed on this.

Types of diabetes

Diabetes, in general, is known by most people as type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes in some cases.

  • Type 1 diabetes – This is mostly seen in children or adolescents. In which the immune system starts attacking the insulin cells released from the pancreas.
  • Type 2 Diabetes – This occurs due to two problems – one is the body does not respond to insulin – the other is that the pancreas stops making insulin over time.
  • Gestational diabetes – This is seen due to hormonal changes during pregnancy, which automatically gets cured after giving birth to the baby.

Special diabetes due to other reasons –

  • Type 3c diabetes – This type can be caused by cystic fibrosis and pancreatic cancer.
  • MODY – This type of diabetes develops due to genetic changes by the age of 25. 
  • Neonatal Diabetes – It is diagnosed within 6 months of the birth of the baby. Such babies are born with genetics changes that affect their ability to develop insulin. It is different from type 1 diabetes and is not considered an autoimmune condition.
  • Other conditions – This type of diabetes is caused by other conditions such as pancreatic cancer, cystic fibrosis, etc., which affect the ability to develop insulin.
  • Steroid-Induced Diabetes – This type of diabetes can be caused by taking steroids that affect the hormones.
  • Monogenic Diabetes – This includes MODY and Neonatal.

Recently, discussions have started on new types of diabetes –

  • Type 3 Diabetes – When the neurons present in the brain are not able to reach the required amount of insulin or due to insulin resistance, Alzheimer’s disease or a type of dementia is seen.
  • Type 4 diabetes – This causes insulin resistance in older people who are not obese or overweight.

What is the treatment of Type 4 diabetes?

  • Type 4 diabetes is not officially recognized.
  • Studies are going on on many things related to this condition which includes treatment.
  • Many researchers believe that they will soon find antibody drugs related to this condition.
  • Until a drug is developed for type 4, drugs for type 2 diabetes will continue to be prescribed for this.
  • Also, type 2 diabetics are advised to lose weight whereas in type 4 diabetics this is not the case.

Type 4 diabetes prevention?

  • Recent studies have linked type 4 diabetes to the aging process.
  • More human studies are still needed on this.


You may have heard or read about type 1, type 2, or type 3 diabetes before, but nowadays type 4 diabetes is also very much in vogue.

Although it has not received any official name from the researchers, have started calling it by the name Type 4.

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