What causes abdominal pain, its causes, types, diagnosis and when to consult a doctor –

What is abdominal pain?

Abdominal pain present between the chest and pelvic area in the body can be of many types, in which there may be cramping, intense pain, abdominal pain etc. Such conditions are known as abdominal pain.

The reason for this can be a problem of abdominal pain due to any stimulation like swelling, burning or due to any disease affecting the organs present in the stomach. Among the organs present in our abdomen –

  • kidney
  • Abdomen
  • liver
  • cheek bladder
  • Intestines (both small and large)
  • spleen
  • Appendix (part of the large intestine)
  • pancreas (pancreas)

Apart from viral, bacterial or parasitic infections, intestinal pain can also be a problem.

What are the causes of abdominal pain?

There are many reasons for this such as infection, abnormal growth, inflammation, blockage and intestinal disorder etc.

Due to infection in the throat, intestine and blood, bacteria reach the digestive system, due to which there is pain in the stomach. Due to changes in the digestive system due to this infection, lack of water or constipation can be seen.

Other causes of abdominal pain-

  • Constipation
  • diarrhea
  • gastroenteritis
  • acid reflux
  • Vomit
  • the stress

Diseases affecting the digestive system that can cause acute abdominal pain, the most common of which are – 

Causes of severe abdominal pain

  • appendicitis
  • gall bladder stone
  • kidney stone
  • kidney infection

What are the types of abdominal pain?

  • Abdominal pain is limited to one area like feeling of cramping etc., which extends to one part.
  • This type of pain occurs due to a problem in one of the organs.
  • One of the most common causes of this is a stomach ulcer in which there are sores on the lining inside the stomach.
  • Cramps-like pain causes loss of water, constipation, flatulence, etc.
  • Whereas in women this pain can be due to menstruation, miscarriage or other complications of the female reproductive organ.
  • This pain keeps coming and going and gets better without any treatment.
  • The prickling pain known as colic pain can be caused by a serious condition such as gallstones or kidney stones.
  • This pain comes on suddenly and severe muscle spasms are felt.

What can be the location of pain within abdomen?

By finding out where the pain is, the cause can be known. But if there is no pain in one place in the stomach but in the whole stomach, it shows the following problems in which –

Causes of pain in the lower abdomen

  • appendicitis
  • intestinal obstruction
  • Ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus)

Causes of lower abdominal pain in women

  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • fibroid
  • abortion
  • severe pain during menstruation
  • ovarian cyst
  • endometriosis
  • ectopic pregnancy

Due to pain in the middle of the abdomen

  • Uremia (buildup of waste products in the blood)
  • getting hurt
  • appendicitis
  • gastroenteritis

Causes of pain in lower left side of abdomen

  • Crohn’s disease
  • cancer
  • kidney infection
  • ovarian cyst
  • appendicitis

Causes of pain in the upper left side of the abdomen

  • spleen enlargement
  • inability to pass stools tightly
  • Injury
  • kidney infection
  • heart attack
  • cancer

Causes of pain in lower right side of abdomen

  • hernia
  • cancer
  • flu
  • kidney infection
  • appendicitis

Causes of pain in the upper right side of the abdomen

When to see a doctor in cases of abdominal pain?

Mild abdominal pain gets better without any treatment whereas in some cases it becomes necessary to visit a doctor due to abdominal pain.

In case of abdominal injury or pain due to an accident, a doctor must be consulted. Also, immediate medical help is needed in the following conditions such as –

  • blood in stool
  • high fever
  • vomiting blood
  • persisting feeling of nausea or vomiting
  • yellowing of eyes and skin
  • abdominal bloating or cramping
  • breathing problems

A doctor should be consulted immediately if the symptoms of any of the following conditions occur –

  • Abdominal pain for more than 24 hours
  • being constipated for a long time
  • Vomit
  • fever
  • loss of appetite
  • burning during urination
  • weight loss without reason

Apart from all these, if you are pregnant or breastfeeding a baby and feel abdominal pain, then a doctor should be consulted immediately.

FAQs – abdominal pain

Why does the stomach hurt at night?

Sometimes it is common to happen because of –

  • Indigestion
  • Constipation
  • gas
  • heartburn

There can also be serious reasons for the persistence of pain such as –

  • hernia
  • Appendix
  • ulcer
  • stones

What causes pain under the navel?

  • The reason for this may be a urinary tract infection.
  • During which there may be burning in urination, fever, abdominal pain, etc.

Which abdominal examination is done?

Why does it hurt below the navel during pregnancy?

  • The reason for this is the increase in the size of the unborn baby.
  • Due to which pressure starts building on the parts of the mother’s body.

Why does the stomach hurt in the right side?

There can be many reasons for this –

  • alcohol addiction
  • Overuse of NSAIDs
  • Injury
  • infection
  • In some cases appendix may also occur.

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